Les parents d'enfants avec un diagnostic de TSA croyaient que le comportement positif de leur enfant était dû à des facteurs moins internes à l'enfant, moins stables et moins contrôlables par l'enfant que ceux du groupe témoin. Les croyances sur la stabilité étaient associées à la proximité dans la relation parent-enfant. L'âge et le niveau d'incapacité des enfants ainsi que l'éducation des parents étaient associés aux attributions parentales.
J Intellect Disabil Res. 2017 Mar 22. doi: 10.1111/jir.12373.
- Human Development and Family Studies and Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
- Educational Psychology and Waisman Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
BACKGROUND:The present study examined parental attributions for positive child behaviour in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and their association with parent outcomes.
METHOD:In total, 175 couples who had a child with ASD (5-12 years) completed measures about the child's positive behaviour, ASD symptoms, functional skills and negative behaviour problems, and their own positive and negative affect and closeness in the parent-child relationship. A comparison group of 170 couples who had a child without a neurodevelopmental disability also completed measures.
RESULTS:Dyadic multilevel models were conducted. Parents of children with ASD believed that their child's positive behaviour was due to factors less internal to the child, less stable and less controllable by the child than the comparison group. Beliefs about stability were associated with closeness in the parent-child relationship. Child age and level of impairment and parent education were associated with parental attributions.
CONCLUSIONS:Interventions that alter parental attributions may offer pathways to increase closeness in the parent-child relationship.
© 2017 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
- PMID: 28332245
- DOI: 10.1111/jir.12373