20 octobre 2013

Phonetic imitation from an individual-difference perspective: subjective attitude, personality and "autistic" traits

Traduction partielle: G.M.
PLoS One. 2013 Sep 30;8(9):e74746. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074746.

Imitation phonétique à partir d'une perspective de différence individuelle : attitude subjective, personnalité et traits « autistiques »


Phonology Laboratory, Department of Linguistics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.


NUMEROUS STUDIES HAVE DOCUMENTED THE PHENOMENON OF PHONETIC IMITATION: the process by which the production patterns of an individual become more similar on some phonetic or acoustic dimension to those of her interlocutor. Though social factors have been suggested as a motivator for imitation, few studies has established a tight connection between language-external factors and a speaker's likelihood to imitate. The present study investigated the phenomenon of phonetic imitation using a within-subject design embedded in an individual-differences framework. Participants were administered a phonetic imitation task, which included two speech production tasks separated by a perceptual learning task, and a battery of measures assessing traits associated with Autism-Spectrum Condition, working memory, and personality. To examine the effects of subjective attitude on phonetic imitation, participants were randomly assigned to four experimental conditions, where the perceived sexual orientation of the narrator (homosexual vs. heterosexual) and the outcome (positive vs. negative) of the story depicted in the exposure materials differed. 

La mesure de l'imitation phonétique par une personne est sensiblement modulé par le résultat de l'histoire, ainsi que par l'attitude subjective du participant vers le locuteur du modèle, des traits de personnalité du participant et par les traits autistiques associés à la commutation de l'attention.
PMID: 24098665

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